UNISIST (UNESCO's World Scientific Information Programme) was an international program aimed at the facilitation of scientific information. ISSN-numbering as well as the BSO classification are among the results of the work of this program. UNISIST published a manual for bibliographic description aimed at documentation databases (Dierickx & Hopkinson, 1986), which deviating from AACR2. Another result of the program is the UNISIST model of information dissemination.


Tell (1995) outlines the history of the MARC-format which is compared to the UNISIST Reference Manual, which is being used by major abstracting services. Tell expresses a critical attitude towards the MARC-format, which he find costly in use of manpower and which contains much redundant information. In spite of this suppresses the MARC-format authors because third, fourth and following authors just are expressed by "et al.", while, for example, Physics Abstracts and Science Citation Index have records listing all 32 authors of a document.





Brown, A. G; Fugmann, R. & Svenonius, E. (1977). UNISIST draft on indexing principles. Text and comments. International Classification, 4(1), 29-34.


Chandler, G. (1976). Proposed development of resource sharing networks (UNISIST, NATIS, ALBIS). International Library Review, 8(3), 237-264.


Dierickx, H. (1978). UNISIST International center for bibliographic descriptions (UNIBID): Review of objectives, activities to data and future development. UNESCO Bulletin for Libraries, 32(3), 157-160, 185.


Dierickx, H. & Hopkinson, A. (1986). UNISIST. Reference manual for machine readable bibliographic description. 3rd. ed. Paris: UNESCO. 2nd ed. (1981). 1st ed. (1974) Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0000/000062/006279EB.pdf


Evans, A. J., Rhodes, R. G. & Keemam, S. (1977). Education and training of users of scientific and technical information: UNISIST Guide for teachers. Paris: UNESCO. (Also available in French, Russian and Spanish).


Felber, H. (1977). UNISIST activities in terminology. International Forum on Information and Documentation, 2(2), 25-27. 

Rhoads, J. B. (1982). The Applicability of UNISIST Guidelines and ISO International Standards to Archives Administration and Records Management: A RAMP Study. Paris: UNESCO. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0004/000482/048223e.pdf


Rybatche, V. (1974). Development of a broad system of ordering for UNISIST purposes. International Classification, 1(1), 20-21. 


Tell, B. (1995). Ekonomi i katalogisering. Pp. 194-204 IN: Höglund, Lars (ed.): Biblioteken, kulturen och den sociala intelligensen. Aktuell forskning inom biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap. Göteborg: Forskningsrådsnämnden och VALFRID. (Rapport från FRNs och Centrums för biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap konferens i Borås 22-24 november 1994).

Tocatlia, J. (1972). UNISIST implementation plans. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science, V9, 9-14.






See also: Information science organizations (Cluster)








Birger Hjørland

Last edited: 18-07-2006